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Nexus publications

The following downloadable reports and publications are grouped under broad themes but all speak to the food-energy-water-land-biodiversity nexus in its various forms. Peer-reviewed scientific journal publications have not been included for copyright reasons, but a reading list is provided here to aid the interested viewer. 

BONN2011 CONFERENCE REPORTS

Hoff, H. 2011. Understanding the Nexus. Background Paper for the Bonn2011 Conference: The Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus. Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm.

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The Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus - Solutions for the Green Economy. Conference Synopsis (February 2012)

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The Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus - Solutions for the Green Economy. Conference Messages.

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The Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus - Solutions for the Green Economy. Policy Recommendations (February 2012)

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OTHER CONFERENCE REPORTS

IISD and GWSP, 2012. Water-Energy-Food Security. New Challenges and New Solutions for Water Management. Conference Proceedings. May 1-4 2012, Winnipeg, Canada.

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IUCN and IWA, 2013. Africa Nexus Dialogue Workshop. Nexus Dialogue on Water Infrastructure Solutions. Workshop Report. 28-29 May 2013, Nairobi, Kenya.

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Mekong River Commission, 2014. Conference Summary. International Conference on: Cooperation for Water, Energy, and Food Security in Transboundary Basins under Changing Climate. Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, 2-3 April 2014.

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Mekong River Commission, 2014. Ho Chi Minh City Declaration. Water, Energy and Food Security in the Context of Climate Change for the Mekong River Basin. 5 April 2014.

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Roland-Holst, D. and Heft-Neal, S. 2012. Food-Water-Energy Nexus: GMS Challenges of Growth for 2020 and Beyond. Report prepared for the ADB sponsored International Conference: GMS 2020: Balancing Economic Growth and Environmental Sustainability. 20-21 February 2012, Bangkok, Thailand.

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UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health, The Water Institute. 2014. Building Integrated Approaches into the Sustainable Development Goals. A Declaration from the Nexus 2014: Water, Food, Climate and Energy Conference in the name of the Co-Directors held at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, March 5th to 8th 2014. Submitted to the UN Secretary-General on the 26 of March, 2014.

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UNU-FLORES, 2013. Advancing a Nexus Approach to the Sustainable Management of Water, Soil and Waste. Draft White Book. In the occasion of the international kick-off workshop on 11-12 November 2013.United Nations University Institute for Integrated Management of Material Fluxes and of Resources.

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WWF NEXUS REPORTS

WWF-SA 2014. The Food Energy Water Nexus. Understanding South Africa's Most Urgent Sustainability Challenge. World Wide Fund for Nature, Cape Town, South Africa.

          Download this synthesis report here

Gulati, M. 2014. Understanding the Food Energy Water Nexus: Through the Food and Energy Lens. WWF-SA, South Africa.

          Download this summary paper here

Gulati, M. 2014. Understanding the Food Energy Water Nexus: Through the Energy and Water Lens. WWF-SA, South Africa.

          Download this summary paper here

von Bormann, T. 2014. Understanding the Food Energy Water Nexus: Through the Water and Food Lens. WWF-SA, South Africa.

          Download this summary paper here

Carter, S. and Gulati, M. 2014. Understanding the Food Energy Water Nexus: Climate Change, the Food Energy Water Nexus and Food Security in South Africa. WWF-SA, South Africa.

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Notten, P. et al. 2014. Understanding the Food Energy Water Nexus: Developing an Understanding of the Energy Implications of Wasted Food and Waste Disposal. WWF-SA, South Africa.

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Mason-Jones, K. et al. 2014. Understanding the Food Energy Water Nexus: Energy as an Input in the Food Value Chain. WWF-SA, South Africa.

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Hampton, D. and Weinberg, K. 2014. Understanding the Food Energy Water Nexus: Food Inflation and Financial Flows. WWF-SA, South Africa.

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Oberholster, P.J. and Botha, A.-M. 2014. Understanding the Food Energy Water Nexus: The Importance of Water Quality to the Food Industry in South Africa. WWF-SA, South Africa.

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Brent, A. 2014. Understanding the Food Energy Water Nexus: The Agricultural Sector as a Biofuels Producer in South Africa. WWF-SA, South Africa.

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Dabrowski, J. 2014. Understanding the Food Energy Water Nexus. Virtual Water. WWF-SA, South Africa.

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Baleta, H. and Pegram, G. 2014. Understanding the Food Energy Water Nexus. Water as an Input in the Food Value Chain. WWF-SA, South Africa.

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Goga, S. and Pegram, G. 2014. Understanding the Food Energy Water Nexus: Water, Energy and Food: A Review of Integrated Planning in South Africa. WWF-SA, South Africa.

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WWF and SABMiller 2014. The Water-Food-Energy Nexus: Insights into Resilient Development. 

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FOOD SECURITY IN THE NEXUS

Bogdanski, A. et al. 2011. Making Integrated Food-Energy Systems Work for People and Climate. An Overview. Environment and Natural Resources Management Working Paper 45. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.

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Earle, A. 2001. The role of virtual water in food security in Southern Africa. Occasional Paper No. 33. Water Issues Study Group, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.

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FAO, 2013. Food Wastage Footprint, Impacts on Natural Resources. Technical Report (working document). Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Rome.

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Gulati, M. et al. 2013. The water-energy-food security nexus: Challenges and opportunities for food security in South Africa. World Water Week, 26-31 August 2012, Stockholm, Sweden. Published in Aquatic Procedia 1: 150-164.

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McIntyre, B. et al. (eds) 2009. Agriculture at a Crossroads. Synthesis Report. International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD).

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Rosegrant, M.W. et al. 2014. Food Security in a World of Natural Resource Security. The Role of Agricultural Technologies. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington DC.

          Download main report here         Download Appendices here

Ringler, C. et al. 2011. Emerging Country Strategies for Improving Food Security: Linkages and Trade-Offs for Water and Energy Security. Bonn2011 Conference: The Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus. Thematic Background Paper for International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) Hot Topic Session. November 17, 2011.

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Thiaw, I. et al. 2011. Food and Ecological Security: Identifying Synergy and Trade-offs. UNEP Policy Series Ecosystem Management. Issue No. 4, June 2011.UNEP, Nairobi.

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Wenhold, F. and Faber, M. 2008. Nutritional Status of South Africans: Links to Agriculture and Water. Water Research Commission  TT362/P/08.

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Searchinger, T. et al. 2013. Creating a Sustainable Food Future. A menu of solutions to sustainably feed more than 9 billion people by 2050. World Resources Report 2013-14: Interim Findings. World Resources Institute, World Bank, UNEP, UNDP,CIRAD, INRA.

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Lazarus, J. 2010. Water/Energy/Food Nexus: Sustaining Agricultural Production. Water Resources IMPACT May 2010 p. 12-14.

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WATER IN THE NEXUS

Jordaan, H. and Grové, B. 2012. An economic analysis of the contribution of water use to value chains in agriculture. Water Research Commission Report No. 1779/1/12.

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Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. 2011. National Water Footprint Accounts: The Green, Blue and Grey Water Footprint of Production and Consumption. Vol. 1 Main Report. Value of Water Research Report Series No. 50. UNESCO-IHE, Delft, The Netherlands.

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Perrone, D. and Hornberger, G.M. 2013. Water, food, and energy security: scrambling for resources or solutions? WIREs Water 2014, 1:49-68. doi: 10.1002/wat2.1004.

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ENERGY IN THE NEXUS

Steele, M. and Schulz, N. 2012. Water Hungry Coal: Burning South Africa's Water to Produce Electricity. Greenpeace Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa.

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Water in the West 2013. Water and Energy Nexus: A Literature Review. Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment and Bill Lane Center for the American West. Stanford University, Stanford, USA.

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Ku, A.Y. and Shapiro, A.P. 2012. The energy-water nexus: Water use and trends in sustainable energy and opportunities for materials research and development. MRS Bulletin Vol. 37 April 2012 p.439-447.

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Martin. B. and Fischer, R. 2012. The energy-water nexus: energy demands on water resources. EMG Water and Climate Change Research Series, Report 5. Environmental Monitoring Group, Cape Town, South Africa.

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WWAP (United Nations World Water Assessment Programme), 2014. The United Nations World Water Development Report 2014: Water and Energy. Paris, UNESCO.

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Buckley, C. et al. 2011. Life-cycle assessments in the South African water sector: A review and future challenges. WaterSA Vol. 37 No. 5, WRC 40-Year Celebration Special Edition 2011.

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BIODIVERSITY IN THE NEXUS

ICIMOD 2012. Contribution of Himalayan Ecosystems to Water, Energy, and Food Security in South Asia: A Nexus Approach. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Kathmandu, Nepal.

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Krchnak, K.M. et al., 2011. Putting Nature in the Nexus: Investing in Natural Infrastructure to Advance Water-Energy-Food Security. Bonn2011 Conference: The Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus - Solutions for the Green Economy. Background Papers for the Stakeholder Engagement Process. IUCN and The Nature Conservancy.

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Pisupati, B. 2010. Connecting the Dots. Biodiversity, Adaptation, Food Security and Livelihoods. UNEP, Nairobi, Kenya.

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NEXUS FRAMEWORKS

Bizikova, L. et al., 2013. The Water-Energy-Food Security Nexus: Towards a Practical Planning and Decision-Support Framework for Landscape Investment and Risk Management. International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD).

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Giampietro, M. et al. 2013. An Innovative Accounting Framework for the Food-Energy-Water Nexus. Application of the MuSIASEM approach to three case studies. Environment and Natural Resources Management Working Paper 56. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.

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SEI 2014. Managing Environmental Systems: The Water-Energy-Food Nexus. Research Synthesis Brief. Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm.

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NEXUS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Brandi, C. et al. 2013. Post 2015: Why is the Water-Energy-Land Nexus Important for the Future Development Agenda? Briefing Paper 3/2013. Deutsches Institut fü​r Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), Bonn, Germany.

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UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health The Water Institute 2014. Building Integrated Approaches into the Sustainable Development Goals. A Declaration from the Nexus 2014: Water, Food, Climate and Energy Conference in the Name of the Co-Directors held at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, March 5th to 8th, 2014. Submitted to the UN Secretary-General on the 26 of March, 2014.

          Download here

 

GREEN ECONOMY

FAO, 2012. Greening the Economy with Agriculture. Extract from the FAO Council Document CL 143/18: Status of Preparation of FAO Contributions to the 2012 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development: Governance for Greening the Economy with Agriculture. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.

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UNEP, 2011. Towards a Green Economy: Pathways to Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication - A Synthesis for Policy Makers. United Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi, Kenya.

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Naidoo, D. et al. 2013. Discussion Paper on the Role of Water and the Water Sector in the Green Economy within the Context of the New Growth Path. Water Research Commission Report No. KV 307/13, South Africa.

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Allen, C. and Clouth, S. 2012. A Guidebook to the Green Economy. Issue 1: Green Economy, Green Growth, and Low-Carbon Development - history, definitions and a guide to recent publications. Division for Sustainable Development, UNDESA.

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UNEP, 2013. Green Economy Scoping Study: South African Green Economy Modelling Report (SAGEM) - Focus on Natural Resource Management, Agriculture, Transport and Energy Sectors. UNEP DTIE, Switzerland.

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NEXUS IN RIVER BASINS

Bach, H. et al. 2012. Transboundary River Basin Management: Addressing Water, Energy and Food Security. Mekong River Commission, Lao PDR.

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Escobar, M. 2013. Sustainable Development in Fragile Ecosystems: Applying the 'Nexus' Approach to the Orinoco River Basin in Colombia. Discussion Brief. Stockholm Environment Institute, Davis, USA.

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Karlberg, L. 2013. Using a Nexus Approach to Support Development and Environmental Planning in Ethiopia. Discussion Brief. Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.

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Pitzer, G. 2009. The Water-Energy Nexus in the Colorado River Basin. Colorado River Project River Report, Summer 2009. Water Education Foundation, Sacramento, USA.

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Stein, C. 2013. How Understanding Social Networks Can Help to Govern the Nexus: a Case from the Blue Nile Basin. Discussion Brief. Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.

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Meisen, P. and Tatum, J. 2011. The Water-Energy Nexus in the Jordan River Basin: The Potential for Building Peace Through Sustainability. Global Energy Network Institute.

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Further examples of the Nexus in River Basins can be found under Presentations.

 

THE BUSINESS CASE FOR THE NEXUS

Gerholdt, J. and Pandya, S. undated. Resources. The Energy Water Food Nexus. Conservation International's Business and Sustainability Council. Conservation International.

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Xynté​o, 2013. Dispatches from the Policy Frontline. Examining the Response to the Water-Energy-Food-Climate Stress Nexus. Xynté​o, Reading, UK.

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